Musty Books: “The Nature of the Beast” by Janni Howker (1985)

What is “The Nature of the Beast”? Literally speaking, it’s the identity of the mysterious animal that is slaughtering livestock on the hills above Haverston, a remote moorland town in North-West England. But it equally applies to the simmering fury that threatens to overwhelm the book’s central characters – teenage narrator Bill Coward and his father Ned – as well as being a remarkably philosophical dismissal of the whole sorry situation by Bill’s beer-sodden grandfather, Chunder.

Surely written during (and inspired by) the troubled fury of the 1984 miners’ strike, the book is a damning condemnation of the economic policy of the era. Haverston’s main employer, Stone Cross Mill, is closing down, forcing the bulk of the town’s working population – including Ned – into redundancy, and robbing an already-depressed area of its main identity. Bill, effectively sharing a home with both his father and grandfather, sets out his stall early on: confiding in best friend Mick that his long-term plan to escape a hopeless future is to live in a cave on the moors, shooting rabbits with his air rifle and raiding allotments during the winter months.

Into this situation comes “The Beast”, whose arrival – surprisingly late in the tale – at least gives Bill a sense of short-term purpose. Brutally slaughtering the hens that Chunder has acquired in a vague plan to build a lucrative cockfighting empire (yes, the book is that bleak) and picking off the sheep of windswept moorland farms, it naturally excites the headline-writers of the town’s sensationalist Gazette newspaper (“HAVERSTON BEAST STRIKES AGAIN!”). The paper’s offer of £500 for a clear photo incites Bill and Mick to steal a camera from their well-meaning teacher “Oggy” Oglethorpe’s car and head to the moors, seeking both glory and brief financial respite for their families.

The exact setting of the novel might be left a little vague (there are mentions of Lancashire, but also of Border TV and seagulls, so my educated guess is somewhere close to the Lancashire/Cumbrian coastline… if I had a map, the pin would be hovering above Barrow-in-Furness) but the sense of place and landscape, and indeed of a very distinct and depressed era of social history, is almost overpowering. This a town seemingly permanently shrouded in darkness, with a strong community huddled into pubs and houses virtually unchanged since the 1940s. Indeed, the occasional intrusions of modernity – the TV crews, for example, that cover the Mill’s closure – seem starkly incongruous.

And the moor itself, a black deathtrap of peaty marshland and bare-boned sheepfarms, smothers the town and effectively as effectively as the prevailing economic climate. Bill – a perceptive and intelligent teenager – is trapped in Haverston in every conceivable sense, and his righteous fury at this situation threatens to increasingly overpower him. I was even a little disappointed when a rational, believable explanation for the presence of “The Beast” is ultimately offered: it works so well as a metaphor for Bill (and Haverston’s) anger, a physical manifestation of their rage, its nocturnal raids on livestock and livelihoods effectively an act of self-harm.

But nevertheless, what a book. It effortlessly weaves the desolation of its setting and situation with the charming internal monologue of a typical smalltown teenage boy. The friendship between Bill and Mick – hiding in ramshackle dens, adding to the pointless graffiti (‘MOOR MODS RULE OK’) in bus shelters – is touchingly and believably portrayed, and given an extra depth by the revelation that Mick’s father is Stone Cross Mill’s put-upon Union Rep. Blamed by the community for not making a firm enough stand for their jobs, he is consumed by his own bitterness, fuelled by what he perceives to be his own workforce’s apathetic lack of militancy.

The ending is shocking and heart-rending in so many ways. Bill finds personal vindication in his quest to uncover the identity of the moorland killer, but his story is characteristically written-off in favour of the local media’s preferred narrative. Even in triumph, he has no voice. And you may even find some sympathy for The Beast: I did. Janni Howker wrote only three books and a handful of short stories, and – as far as I can see – there’s been nothing since 1997. But she rightly earned the Whitbread Literary Prize for Childrens’ Books for this, her debut novel, and you’ll rarely find a book that reflects the anger and hopelessness of the 1980s Northern industrial experience in such devastating fashion.

UPDATE: Read the comments below for a wonderful development… regular blog reader Mark Holden was the boy who posed for the cover of this book, back in 1985. His family was a friend of artist Stephen Lavis, who often based used images of people he knew for his cover illustrations!

In April 2020, Mark kindly agreed to restage the cover picture 35 years on, with photos taken by his nine-year-old daughter… needless to say, I’m delighted with the outcome.

MUSTINESS REPORT: A fragrant 3/10. My copy is a 1987 reprint, so there’s time yet for for it to achieve its full Mustiness Potential. The pages, though, are the colours of an old-school pub ceiling, which is pleasing: for sake of argument, let’s say it’s the Hare and Hounds, in nearby Kirkby Haverston.

9 thoughts on “Musty Books: “The Nature of the Beast” by Janni Howker (1985)

  1. George White April 3, 2020 / 11:49 am

    There was an adaptation in 1988, as part of Film on Four. Utterly obscure, with Tony “voice of Sid in Getting Sam Home” Melody and Roberta “Wendy Crozier off Coronation Street” Kerr.


    • bobfischer April 3, 2020 / 1:21 pm

      Gosh, cheers George – had no idea. There’s a very shaky minute-long clip on Youtube that’s interesting to watch. I know I can’t judge the whole film from that, but it feels a bit too high-octane, too kinetically directed. The book itself it just unremittingly bleak and downbeat… in a fabulous way.


  2. invisibleplanmark April 3, 2020 / 1:41 pm

    Hey Bob,

    Long time reader… first time commenter…
    Catching up on some recent articles and this one in particular caught my eye, especially when I scrolled through and saw the book cover!

    Bizarrely enough that’s a very young me on the cover of this wonderful book!
    A little background- it was the mid eighties and my parents friends’ son who was an artist called Stephen Lavis needed a photo of a child about my age for the cover of a book he was painting. Stephen was known for doing the covers on many ‘Fighting Fantasy’ books, as well as a great set of the Narnia series.
    I was volunteered, and I figured it would be pretty cool to be on the cover of a book… also maybe they would then get me to be in the film version that would surely get made… well that seemed logical to me at the time!

    So I posed for some photos in our back garden, my hands held aloft as if being attacked from some unseen assailant. A look of fear on my face… well in retrospect I don’t think I was much of an actor as I don’t look especially scared on the cover above!… probably why that call never came for the film version.

    Also my mother with her own twisted logic had figured that if I was to be immortalised on the cover of a book I would need to be wearing my Sunday best and have my hair immaculately presented. As politely as possible I recall Stephen telling my mum that I wasn’t really wearing appropriate clothing for the character of the book- so my clothes were changed to better fit the brief, and my hair was messed up. However my shirt was still kept under my jumper which I always thought looked a bit odd.

    Anyways some time later Stephen gave me the finished book, which I enjoyed reading, even though I really couldn’t picture myself as the title character as I had imagined I would, and my small claim to fame as being the cover star of a book was complete.

    Over the years my copy had gotten lost so a few years ago I went about tracking down a new one, however it proved slightly tricky as the book has been reprinted so many times over the years. Eventually I did manage to track one down on eBay with me on the cover, my copy now having being previously owned by the ‘Norte Dame High School in Norwich’ according to the stamp inside the cover.

    Anyways was nice to see the book pop up on here- and have the one you own be the one with my mug on the cover!

    All the best,


    • bobfischer April 3, 2020 / 2:38 pm

      Mark, this has made my day! That’s absolutely incredible! Thankyou SO much for popping by to tell the story.

      I know Stephen’s work well, he illustrated so many of my favourite childhood books. Fighting Fantasy and Narnia amongst them… and his work on the 1980s editions of Alan Garner’s books is just stunning.

      Honestly – I’m beaming!


  3. invisibleplanmark April 3, 2020 / 2:38 pm

    Hey Bob,

    I’m so glad you liked it, was thinking it was a bit self indulgent I was waffling on so much!

    But it was nice revisiting it, and it made my day spotting your post in the first place, so many thanks for that.
    To be honest it kinda felt like my one claim to fame was forever to be hidden on dusty second hand book shop shelves… but now I’m immortalised on one of my favourite blogs 🙂

    All the best,


    • bobfischer April 3, 2020 / 2:39 pm

      Ha! Well I DID find the book on a dusty second hand bookshop self… (only about a month ago, too)

      Honestly – I’m thrilled. Cheers. (PS Think I’ve mailed you as well – I’ve tried! Let me know if it doesn’t arrive)


      • invisibleplanmark April 3, 2020 / 3:25 pm

        Got your mail ok- dropped you a reply.



  4. Richard Freeman September 23, 2020 / 9:51 pm

    I saw the film back in 1988 and taped it on VHS. I saw it on youtube a few years back but can’t find it again. The film was slow paced but pretty downbeat and grim. The beast itself features very little and i was disappointed at that. If i turn up a copy i’ll let you know.
    All the best Rich


  5. David McCarthy June 16, 2022 / 5:21 am

    The film adaptation brought me here. I saw it on RTE in 88 or 89 and its disappeared into obscurity since, doesn’t seem to have ever gotten a VHS release never mind DVD or blu Ray.. Haven’t read the book but there’s definitely a strong Kes vibe. Would love to see it again and will keep an eye out for the book.


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